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What is In Vitro Fertilization?

In vitro fertilization (IVF) is the process of fertilization occurring outside of the body. IVF requires both the eggs and sperm to be extracted from the donors and to be combined and cultured in an ideal environment outside of the body under laboratory conditions. The extremely complex procedure entails many processes and may even take up to 30 days but it does ensure the optimum conditions for a pregnancy to occur.

The Procedure

The woman will receive supplemental medication with the purpose of improving fertility. Once this is completed, the eggs are collected and cultured with the sperm. When the IVF specialist is satisfied with the state of the eggs, they are transferred back into the womb so that implantation can occur. Success rates vary amongst patients as no two people are alike but a known risk associated with the procedure is that multiple pregnancies can occur due to more than one embryo being transferred for implantation.

Should I do it?

IVF can be seen as some peoples’ last hope of having children because it significantly increases these chances. If all other attempts or any other procedures have failed, this may be the right procedure for you.